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Thyroid disease

Thyroid disease is a disease that affects the thyroid function. The thyroid gland located in front of the neck and produces thyroid hormones, which pass through the blood, to help regulate many other bodies, which means that it is an endocrine or ...

                                               

Thyroid disease in women

Thyroid disease in women is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland in women. This condition can have a huge impact during pregnancy and the baby. It is also called Hashimotos thyroiditis. During pregnancy, the child may be seriously ...

                                               

Thyroid nodule

Nodules thyroid nodules that commonly arise normal thyroid gland. They can be hyperplasia or tumor, but only a small percentage of thyroid tumors are malignant. Small, asymptomatic nodules are common and often go unnoticed. Nodules that grow or c ...

                                               

Toxic multinodular goitre

Toxic multinodular goiter is active multinodular goiter associated with a hyperthyroidism. This is a common cause of hyperthyroidism in which there is excess production of thyroid hormones from functionally Autonomous nodular formations of the th ...

                                               

Thyroid tumor

                                               

Endocrine surgery

Endocrine surgery is a surgical sub-specialty focusing on surgery of the endocrine glands, including the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands of the pancreas, some endocrine and neuroendocrine glands.

                                               

Parathyroidectomy

Parathyroidectomy is the surgical removal of one or more of the four parathyroid glands. This procedure is used to remove the adenoma or hyperplasia of these glands when they produce excessive parathyroid hormone: hyperparathyroidism. Glands, usu ...

                                               

Dogiel cells

Dogel cells, also known as cell Dogel, refers to the type of multipolar nerve cells in prevertebral sympathetic ganglia. They are named after the Russian anatomist and physiologist Alexander Dogel. They play a role in enteric nervous system.

                                               

Descending colon

In the descending colon is part of the large intestine from the splenic flexure to the beginning of the sigmoid colon. The function of the descending colon in the digestive system is to store digested food residues that will be returned into the ...

                                               

Haustrum (anatomy)

In the haustra of the colon are the small pouches caused by sacculation which give the colon its segmented appearance. In teniae coli, which over the entire length of the colon. Because the taenia coli are shorter than the colon, the colon become ...

                                               

Marginal artery of the colon

In human anatomy, the marginal artery of the colon, also known as the marginal artery and artery of Drummond is an artery that connects the inferior mesenteric artery from the superior mesenteric artery. Sometimes absent, as an anatomical variant.

                                               

Taenia coli

In taeniae coli are three separate longitudinal ribbons of smooth muscle on the outside of the ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon. They are visible and can be seen just below the serosa or osteodystrophy. There are three teniae c ...

                                               

Toxic megacolon

Toxic megacolon is an acute form of colonic distension. It is characterized by a very dilated colon accompanied by bloating, and sometimes fever, abdominal pain, or shock. Toxic megacolon is usually a complication of inflammatory bowel diseases s ...

                                               

Abdominoperineal resection

For abdominoperineal resection, formally known as resection perineal resection of rectum and excision of perineal resection of rectum surgery for rectal cancer or anal cancer. This is frequently abbreviated as AP resection and APR and Aper.

                                               

Anal sphincterotomy

Anal sphincterotomy is a surgical procedure that involves treating mucosal fissures from the canal / sphincter. The word is formed from sphincter otomy.

                                               

Billroth I

Billroth I, more formally Billroths operation, an operation in which the pylorus is removed and the distal stomach anastomosishorny type directly into the duodenum. The operation is most closely associated with Theodor Billroth, but was first des ...

                                               

Billroth II

Billroth II, more formally Billroths operation second, this operation is partial gastrectomy and the cut end of the stomach closed. On the greater curvature of the stomach is then connected to the first part of the jejunum in end-to-side anastomo ...

                                               

Colostomy

Colostomy-a hole in the large intestine, or surgical procedure that creates one. The opening is formed, based on the healthy end of the colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place. This discovery, often in ...

                                               

Cystogastrostomy

Cystogastrostomy is the surgical creation of an opening between a pancreatic pseudocyst and the stomach when the cyst is in the appropriate position to drain into the stomach. This saves the pancreatic juice, which otherwise would have been lost. ...

                                               

Gastrectomy

Gastrectomy, performed to treat cancer of the stomach and perforation of the stomach wall. In severe duodenal ulcers it may be necessary to remove the lower part of the stomach called the pylorus and upper part of the small intestine called the d ...

                                               

Gastroenterostomy

In gastroentero is a surgical connection between the stomach and the jejunum. Surgery can sometimes be performed at the same time as a partial gastrectomy. Gastroentero was in the past typically performed to treat peptic ulcers, but today is usua ...

                                               

Hassabs decongestion operation

Hassabs is the planned surgical procedure for the treatment of esophageal varices in patients with portal hypertension due to cirrhosis of the liver. It was created by Dr. Mohammed Aboul-Fotouh Hassab, a Professor of surgery at the University of ...

                                               

Heller myotomy

Heller myotomy is a surgical procedure in which the muscles of the cardia are cut, allowing food and liquid to pass into the stomach. It is used to treat achalasia, a disease where the lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax properly, making it ...

                                               

Ileo-anal pouch

In medicine, the ileal pouch–anal anastomosis, also known as ileal-anal pouch, restorative proctocolectomy, ileal-anal pullthrough, or sometimes referred to as j-pouch, s-pouch, W-pouch or an internal pouch, is an anastomosis of the ileum with th ...

                                               

Ileostomy

An ileostomy is a Stoma is created, bringing to the end or loop of small intestine to the surface of the skin, or a surgical procedure which creates this opening. Intestinal waste out of the ileostomy and is collected in an artificial external po ...

                                               

Inguinal hernia surgery

Surgery for inguinal hernia is surgery to Repair weakness in the abdominal wall that allows abnormal abdominal contents to slip into a narrow tube called the inguinal canal in the groin. Surgery remains the ultimate treatment of all types of hern ...

                                               

Laparotomy

Laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving large incision abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. It is also known as celiotomy.

                                               

Lateral internal sphincterotomy

Lateral internal sphincterotomy is an operation performed on the internal anal sphincter for the treatment of chronic anal fissure. The internal anal sphincter is one of two muscles that comprise the anal sphincter which controls the passage of f ...

                                               

Lower anterior resection

Lower anterior resection, formally known as anterior resection of the rectum and colon and anterior excision of the rectum or simply anterior resection is a common surgery for rectal cancer and occasionally is performed to remove diseased or dama ...

                                               

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery is an experimental surgical technique by which, without scars or abdominal operations can be performed with an endoscope passed through a natural orifice, then through an internal incision in stomac ...

                                               

Nissen fundoplication

A Nissen fundoplication, laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, when performed using a laparoscopic surgery, is a surgical procedure to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease and hernia hiatal. In GERD, it is usually performed when medical therapy ha ...

                                               

Partial ileal bypass surgery

Partial realnogo bypass surgery is a surgical procedure which involves the reduction of the ileum to shorten the total small bowel length. First introduced in 1962 by Professor Henry Buchwald of the University of Minnesota, the procedure is used ...

                                               

Rubber band ligation

Ligation is an outpatient treatment for internal hemorrhoids of any degree. There are several different devices a physician may use to perform treatments, including traditional metal instruments, endoscopic banding and the CRH ORegan system. With ...

                                               

Serial transverse enteroplasty

Serial transverse enteroplasty is a surgical procedure used mainly in the treatment of short bowel syndrome. In step, doing the incisions in the intestines and create a zigzag pattern, surgeons to increase the available of the intestine to absorb ...

                                               

Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization

In 1995, Morinaga et al. developed not excisional surgical technique for the treatment of internal hemorrhoids. Dal Monte etc. improved this method by presenting transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization THD. Thousand. belongs to the category of m ...

                                               

Accessory digestive gland surgery

                                               

Mouth and oropharynx surgery

                                               

CD5

CD5 or CD-5 may be: CD single, a music single on a 5-inch disk. CD5 and protein, cluster of differentiation 5 molecule, type I transmembrane protein. CD-ROM, 5-inch CD, usually music CD.

                                               

CD15

                                               

CD78

CD78 is a protein expressed on the surface of some immature and Mature B-cells. It is considered a pan-B cell antigen. Other names include Cdw78, BA antigen, Leu21 LO-panB-a.

                                               

Alternative complement pathway

The alternative pathway of the complement system is an innate component of the immune system, natural protection from infections. The alternative pathway is one of three of complement pathways that opsonize and kill pathogens. The path is trigger ...

                                               

C1 complex

The C1 complex is a protein complex involved in the complement system. This is the first component of the classical complement pathway and consists of subcomponents C1q, C1r and c1s in.

                                               

C3-convertase

C3 alternative pathway belongs to the family of serine proteases and is essential in innate immunity as part of the complement system which eventuate in opsonisation of particles, release of inflammatory peptides, C5 alternative pathway the forma ...

                                               

C3a (complement)

С3А is one of the proteins formed by the cleavage of complement component 3, C3b Another. С3А-anaphylatoxin is a 77 residue which binds to the receptor С3А, class G-protein-binding receptor. It plays an important role in the immune response. Mole ...

                                               

C3b

C3b, the larger of two elements formed by the cleavage of complement component 3, and is an important part of the immune system. C3b is a powerful opsonization: tagging of pathogenic microorganisms, immune complexes and apoptotic cells for phagoc ...

                                               

C5-convertase

C5 alternative pathway is an enzyme belonging to the family of serine proteases that play a key role in the innate immunity. He is involved in the complement system ending with cell death. There are four different C5 convertases can convert prote ...

                                               

Cell-bound complement activation products

Cell-bound complement activation products or complement split products, refers to fragments of complement activation, C4D have that covalently bound somatic cells, activation of the classical complement pathway. They appear potentially useful for ...

                                               

Classical complement pathway

Classical complement pathway is one of three pathways that activate the complement system, which is part of the immune system. Classic complement pathway is initiated by complexes of antigen-antibody with the antibody isotypes IgG and IgM. After ...

                                               

Complement membrane attack complex

Membrane attack complex or terminal complement complex is a structure usually is formed on the surface of pathogen cell membranes as a result of activation of the complement system owners, and as such is one of the effector proteins of the immune ...

                                               

Complement receptor

Receptor, the complement receptors the complement system, part of the innate immune system. Complement receptors bind proteins of the complement system and, thus, it is possible to detect pathogens without the mediation of antibody. The complemen ...

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