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Thrombotic storm

Blood clots are relatively common in the General population and are seen in approximately 1-2% of the population at the age of 60 years. Usually blood clots develop in the deep veins of the lower extremities, deep vein thrombosis or blood clot in ...

                                               

Varices

In varicose veins abnormally dilated vessel with a tortuous course. Varicose veins usually occur in the venous system, but may also occur in the blood and lymphatic vessels. Examples of varices include: Bowel varicose veins. (Кишки варикозное рас ...

                                               

Carotid stenting

Carotid artery stenting is an endovascular procedure in which a stent placed in the lumen of the carotid artery for treatment of carotid artery stenosis and reduce the risk of stroke. CAS is used for the treatment of carotid stenosis in patients ...

                                               

Distal splenorenal shunt procedure

In medicine, a distal splenorenal shunt procedure, also splenorenal shunt procedure, and venous bypass grafting is a surgical procedure in which the distal splenic vein attached to the left renal vein. It is used to treat portal hypertension and ...

                                               

Revision using distal inflow

Revision using distal inflow is a surgical treatment for dialysis-associated syndrome "victimize". Rudy was first proposed by David minion and colleagues in 2005. OK, the fistula is ligated in place just proximal to the anastomosis. Bypass for ve ...

                                               

Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy is a procedure used to treat blood vessels and malformations of the blood vessels and the lymphatic system. The medication is injected into the vessels which makes them shrink. It is used for children and young adults with vascular ...

                                               

Venous cutdown

Emergency venous cut-down procedure in which the vein is surgically exposed, and then the cannula is inserted into the vein under visual control. He used to gain vascular access in trauma and hypovolemic shock in patients with peripheral canulli ...

                                               

Accessory hemiazygos vein

Accessory hemiazygos vein-called also superior hemiazygous vein veins on the left side of the spine, which usually flows the fourth to eighth intercostal spaces on the left side of the body.

                                               

Anterior spinal veins

There are two main components of the venous draining: the internal vessels, which drain first, and PIAL veins, which drain the second. Within the inner vessel is a group of veins known as Central veins. They are organized into a separate comb-lik ...

                                               

Azygos vein

In azygos vein is Vena the right side of the thoracic vertebral column draining itself towards the superior Vena cava. It connects the system of the superior Vena cava and inferior Vena cava and can provide an alternative path for blood to the ri ...

                                               

Coronary sinus

The coronary sinus is a collection of veins joined together to form a large vessel that collects blood from the heart muscle. It provides less oxygenated blood in the right atrium, as well as the upper and lower Vena cava. It is present in all ma ...

                                               

Hepatic veins

The hepatic veins are the veins that drain de-oxygenated blood from the liver into the inferior Vena cava. There are usually three hepatic veins drain from the upper left, middle and right parts of the liver. This is more than a group of lower he ...

                                               

Inferior mesenteric vein

In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric vein is a blood vessel that drains blood from the colon. It usually terminates when reaching the splenic vein, which goes to the formation of the portal vein with the superior mesenteric vein. Anatomical ...

                                               

Inferior vena cava

Inferior Vena cava large vein that carries blood from the lower and middle body to the right atrium of the heart. Its walls are rigid and have valves so the blood does not flow under the force of gravity. It is formed when connecting the right an ...

                                               

Portal vein

Portal vein or hepatic portal vein is a blood vessel that carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract, gall bladder, pancreas and spleen to the liver. This blood contains nutrients and toxins, extracted from fermented content. Approximately 75% ...

                                               

Renal vein

It is usually unique to each kidney, except in the condition "multiple renal veins". Some people left renal vein passes behind the abdominal aorta, not in front of him, it is called retroaortic left renal vein, which is also known as "Vienna Schn ...

                                               

Splenic vein

The splenic vein is a blood vessel that drains blood from the spleen, the stomach fundus and part of the pancreas. It is part of the portal system.

                                               

Subclavian vein

The subclavian veins are a paired large vein, one on each side of the body that is responsible for pumping blood from the upper limbs, allowing blood to return to heart. Left subclavian vein plays a key role in the absorption of fats and lipids, ...

                                               

Superior mesenteric vein

The superior mesenteric vein is a blood vessel that drains blood from the small intestine. After its termination behind the neck of the pancreas, the superior mesenteric Vienna connects the splenic vein to form hepatic portal vein. Mesenteric vei ...

                                               

Superior vena cava

The superior Vena cava is the better of the two Vena cava, the great venous trunks which return the blood from the systemic circulation into the right atrium of the heart. This large diameter-small length of vein that receives venous return from ...

                                               

Aortic valve repair

Aortic valve repair or reconstruction of the aortic valve is the restoration of form and function and native dysfunctioning aortic valve. Most often it is used to treat aortic regurgitation. It may also become necessary for the treatment of aorti ...

                                               

Arterial switch operation

Arterial switch or arterial switch, is an open heart surgical procedure used to eliminate Dextro-transposition of the great vessels, it was the first time a canadian cardiac surgeon William mustard and it was named for Brazilian cardiac surgeon A ...

                                               

Cardioplegia

The word cardioplegia combines cardio Greek means "heart", and plegia paralysis. Technically, this means that the arrest or stopping of the heart so that surgical procedures can be performed in a still and bloodless field. Most often, however, th ...

                                               

Commissurotomy

In commissurotomy is a surgical dissection of adhesions, and in the body as the center on the edges of the spikes are formed by cardiac valves, or one made in the brain to treat certain mental disorders. Patients with scleroderma, a disease that ...

                                               

Coronary artery bypass surgery

Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery is a surgical procedure to restore normal blood flow in the narrowed coronary artery. Normal coronary artery carri ...

                                               

Dor procedure

The Dor procedure is a medical method that is used as part of heart surgery and originally introduced by the French surgeon Vincent heart Dor. It is also known as endoventricular circular patch plasty. In 1985, Dor presented EVCPP as a viable met ...

                                               

Endoscopic vessel harvesting

Endoscopic vessel is a surgical method that can be used in conjunction with coronary artery bypass grafting. For patients with coronary heart disease, your doctor may recommend a bypass to allow blood around blocked arteries to restore and improv ...

                                               

Heart valve repair

Heart valve repair is a surgical technique used to fix defects in heart valves in valvular heart disease, and is an alternative to valve replacement. Without further detail, it refers to native heart valve repair, not the repair of an artificial ...

                                               

LeCompte maneuver

The Lecompte maneuver is a technique used in open heart surgery, primarily for infants and children. The maneuver involves cutting the main pulmonary artery and its displacement anterior to the aorta before installing the pulmonary artery during ...

                                               

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery also known as MICS CABG or the McGinn technique is heart surgery performed through several small incisions instead of traditional open heart surgery that requires a median sternotomy approach. MICS CABG is a bea ...

                                               

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting is a surgical treatment for ischemic heart disease, which is a less invasive method of coronary artery bypass grafting. MIDCAB gains surgical access to the heart with a smaller incision th ...

                                               

Mitral valve repair

Mitral valve repair is a cardiac surgery procedure performed by cardiac surgeons to treat stenosis or regurgitation of the mitral valve. Mitral valve "inflow valve" for the left side of the heart. Blood flows from the lungs, where it picks up oxy ...

                                               

Mitral valve replacement

Mitral valve replacement is a procedure in which a patients diseased mitral valve of the heart replaced with a mechanical or biological valve. Mitral valve needed to be replaced because: The valve is narrowed and does not open correctly mitral va ...

                                               

Mustard procedure

The mustard procedure was developed in 1963 by Dr. William mustard at the hospital for sick children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. mustard, with support from the heart and stroke Foundation of Canada, developed an alternative and simplified me ...

                                               

Off-pump coronary artery bypass

Coronary artery bypass surgery or "beating heart" surgery is a form of coronary artery bypass performed without cardiopulmonary bypass as treatment for coronary heart disease. It was first developed in the early 1990-ies Dr. Atsushi Amano. Histor ...

                                               

Open aortic surgery

Open operations on aorta, also known as an open aortic repair, the technique is described, with which in the abdominal cavity or retroperitoneal surgery is used for visualization and control of the aorta for purposes of treatment. The OAS used to ...

                                               

Pericardial heart valves

Pericardial heart valve was invented by Marian Ionescu, a British surgeon working at the General hospital in Leeds, England. He created this artificial bioprosthetic heart valve in the three-ship frame made of chemically treated bovine pericardiu ...

                                               

Pulmonary artery banding

Banding of the pulmonary artery was introduced by Muller and Danimann in 1951 as a surgical technique that allows to reduce excessive pulmonary blood flow in children with congenital heart defects. PAB is a palliative operation as it does not res ...

                                               

Retrograde autologous priming

Retrograde autologous priming is a means to effective and safe to limit hemodilution caused by direct homologous blood transfusion and reduce the need for blood transfusions during cardiac surgery. It is also generally considered a method of pres ...

                                               

Ross procedure

The Ross-Yacoub procedure is cardiac surgery operation where a diseased aortic valve is replaced with his own face pulmonary valve. The pulmonary allograft is then used to replace the patients own pulmonary valve. Replacement pulmonary autograft ...

                                               

Senning procedure

Procedure Senning is atrial switch heart operation for treatment of transposition of the great vessels. It is named after its inventor, the Swedish cardiac surgeon åke Senning, also known for implanting the first permanent pacemaker in 1958.

                                               

Septal myectomy

Septal myectomy treatment of heart surgery for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In open-heart surgery involves the removal of part of the septum, which impedes blood flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. Septal myectomies have successfully con ...

                                               

Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery

Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting is an entirely endoscopic robotic surgery used to treat coronary heart disease, developed in the late 1990-ies. It is an advanced form of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery, which ...

                                               

Valve replacement

Valve replacement surgery-to replace one or more heart valves with artificial heart valve or a biological prosthesis. It is an alternative to valve repair.

                                               

Alcohol septal ablation

Alcohol septal ablation percutaneous, minimally invasive treatment performed interventional cardiologist to relieve symptoms and improve functional status in severely symptomatic patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who meet strict clinical, ...

                                               

Destination therapy

Point therapy is final, and not as a transitional phase to other therapy - thus, in the transport metaphor, by itself, and not just a bridge or road to the destination. The term usually refers to a clerical or mechanical support of circulation, t ...

                                               

Interventional cardiology

Interventional cardiology-branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart disease. Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by ...

                                               

Left atrial enlargement

Left atrial enlargement can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of the underlying disease. Although other factors may contribute, the size of the left atrium was a predictor of mortality because of cardiovascular issues, and deat ...

                                               

Left ventricular hypertrophy

While ventricular hypertrophy occurs naturally as a reaction to aerobic exercise and weight training is most commonly referred to as a pathological reaction to cardiovascular disease or high blood pressure. This is one aspect of ventricular remod ...

                                               

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle. Early on, there may be few or no symptoms. As the disease worsens, shortness of breath, tiredness and swelling of the feet can arise in connection with the onset of heart failure ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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