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ⓘ Insurgency in Arunachal Pradesh




Insurgency in Arunachal Pradesh
                                     

ⓘ Insurgency in Arunachal Pradesh

The Insurgency in Arunachal Pradesh is a part of the larger Northeast India insurgency involving multiple groups trying to separate from or destabilize the province. Because of Arunachal Pradeshs close proximity to the border, many groups are able to use border crossings to promote their terrorist activity. Since Arunachal Pradeshs recapture in the 1962 War, there has been incursions from the Chinese Army in the region further escalating the conflict. The conflict has slowed down since the early 2000s due to police arrest of major insurgent leaders. The highly diverse ethnic and religious population of the province has also influenced various groups.

                                     

1. Insurgent Groups and Activities

The National Liberation Council of Taniland NLCT, an ethnic separatist group, was active along the Assam – Arunachal Pradesh border. The NLCT seeks to establish a separate nation in northeast India known as Taniland for the Tani peoples. Their most recent activity was a shooting attack in the neighboring Assam province.

National Socialist Council of Nagaland is a much larger ethno-nationalist separatist group. It also seeks a separate nation for the Naga peoples known as Greater Nagaland. The government of India and the NSCN had been in negotiations since 2001 with various cease-fires declared, and were close to a peace agreement in 2015, but ultimately fell apart. They continue operations in camps in the Tirap and Changlang districts.

United Socialist Council of Arunachal was a minor communist terror organization operating in the province. It was lead by Gangte Tugung until his capture by state police along with much of the USCA leadership on August 10, 2005. Tungung had previous been arrested twice but escaped both times.

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